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JPEG Repair Tool: The Ultimate Guide to Fixing Corrupted or Damaged JPEG Photos

JPEG Repair Tool: How to Fix Corrupted JPEG or JPG Images

Have you ever encountered a situation where your precious JPEG or JPG images become corrupted and unreadable? If yes, you are not alone. JPEG corruption is a common problem that affects many users who store their photos on various devices, such as cameras, phones, memory cards, hard drives, etc. JPEG corruption can make your photos inaccessible, distorted, or partially greyed out.

Jpeg repair tool

Fortunately, there are some ways to repair corrupted JPEG files and restore them to their original state. In this article, we will explain what is JPEG and why it gets corrupted, how to repair corrupted JPEG files with different methods, and how to prevent JPEG corruption in the future. Read on to find out more.

What is JPEG and Why It Gets Corrupted

JPEG: A Popular Image Format

JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) is a widely used method of lossy compression for digital images, especially for those images produced by digital photography. JPEG compression reduces the file size of an image by discarding some of the less important information, such as color details and sharpness. This allows users to store more images on a limited storage space and transmit them faster over the internet.

JPEG is also the most common image format used by digital cameras and other photographic image capture devices. It has a file extension of .jpg or .jpeg. A JPEG file consists of two parts: a header and an image data. The header contains information about the image, such as its size, resolution, color mode, etc. The image data contains the actual pixels of the image, which are encoded using a complex mathematical algorithm.

Common Causes of JPEG Corruption

Despite its popularity and convenience, JPEG is not a perfect format. It is prone to corruption due to various reasons, such as:

  • Broken or corrupted header: The header of a JPEG file is essential for opening and viewing the image. If the header is damaged or missing, the image cannot be recognized or displayed by any program.

  • Corruption in image data: The image data of a JPEG file is encoded using a complex mathematical algorithm. If any part of the image data is altered or lost due to corruption, the image will become distorted or partially greyed out.

  • Viruses or malware attack: Some malicious programs can infect your device and corrupt your files, including your JPEG images. They may also encrypt your files and demand ransom for decryption.

  • Bad sectors or file system corruption: The storage device where you save your JPEG images may have bad sectors or corrupted file system due to physical damage, improper operation, power failure, etc. This can cause your files to become inaccessible or corrupted.

  • Accidental deletion or formatting: You may have accidentally deleted your JPEG images or formatted your storage device without backup. Even though you can recover your deleted files using a data recovery tool, they may be corrupted during the recovery process.

How to Repair Corrupted JPEG Files with Different Methods

Method 1: Recover Corrupted JPEG from a Backup

The easiest and quickest way to repair corrupted JPEG files is to restore them from a backup. If you have a habit of backing up your important files regularly, you can easily recover your lost or damaged files from the backup copy. You can use a professional schedule backup software for automatic backup if you don't want to do it manually.To recover corrupted JPEG files from a backup, you need to follow these steps:

  • Connect the backup device to your computer or access the backup location online.

  • Locate the backup folder that contains your JPEG files.

  • Select the JPEG files that you want to restore and copy them to your desired location.

  • Open the restored JPEG files and check if they are intact and readable.

If you don't have a backup, you can try the following methods to repair corrupted JPEG files.

Method 2: Use Another Picture Viewer or Convert JPEG to Another Format

Sometimes, the problem is not with the JPEG file itself, but with the program that you use to open it. Some picture viewers may not be compatible with certain JPEG files or may have bugs that cause errors. In this case, you can try to use another picture viewer or convert the JPEG file to another format.

To use another picture viewer, you can simply right-click on the JPEG file and select "Open with" from the menu. Then, choose a different program from the list, such as Windows Photo Viewer, Paint, Photoshop, etc. Alternatively, you can download and install a third-party picture viewer that supports JPEG files, such as IrfanView, XnView, FastStone Image Viewer, etc.

To convert the JPEG file to another format, you can use an online converter or a desktop converter. For example, you can use to convert your JPEG file to PNG, BMP, GIF, TIFF, or other formats. You can also use a desktop converter like Format Factory or Freemake Video Converter to convert your JPEG file to another format. After converting the file, open it with a picture viewer and see if it works.

Method 3: Use a Professional JPEG Repair Tool

If none of the above methods work, you may need to use a professional JPEG repair tool to fix your corrupted JPEG files. A JPEG repair tool is a software that can scan and repair damaged or corrupted JPEG files by fixing the header, image data, and other errors. There are many JPEG repair tools available on the market, but here are some of the best ones that we recommend:

Stellar Repair for Photo

Stellar Repair for Photo is a powerful and reliable JPEG repair tool that can fix all kinds of corruption issues in JPEG files. It can repair multiple JPEG files at once and restore them to their original quality. It can also extract thumbnails from corrupted JPEG files and preview them before saving. It supports Windows and Mac operating systems and has a user-friendly interface.

Pic Doctor

Pic Doctor is an online JPEG repair tool that can fix corrupted or broken JPEG files in a few simple steps. It can repair JPEG files up to 50 MB in size and save them as PNG files. It can also recover deleted or lost JPEG files from various storage devices. It is free to use and does not require any installation or registration.

Picture Doctor

Picture Doctor is another online JPEG repair tool that can fix corrupted or incomplete JPEG files quickly and easily. It can repair JPEG files up to 10 MB in size and save them as BMP files. It can also recover original dimensions and color depth of corrupted JPEG files. It is also free to use and does not require any installation or registration.

How to Prevent JPEG Corruption in the Future

Tips for Avoiding JPEG Corruption

To prevent your JPEG files from getting corrupted in the future, you should follow these tips:

  • Backup your JPEG files regularly: As mentioned earlier, having a backup of your important files is the best way to avoid data loss and corruption. You should backup your JPEG files regularly on an external device or online service.

  • Avoid using low-quality memory cards or storage devices: The quality of your memory cards or storage devices can affect the integrity of your JPEG files. You should use high-quality memory cards or storage devices that have enough space and speed for storing your images.

  • Eject your memory cards or storage devices properly: When you want to remove your memory cards or storage devices from your camera, phone, or computer, you should always eject them properly using the safe removal option. This will prevent any data corruption or loss due to sudden disconnection.

  • Scan your device for viruses or malware regularly: Viruses or malware can infect your device and corrupt your files, including your JPEG images. You should scan your device for viruses or malware regularly using a reliable antivirus or malware removal tool. You should also avoid opening suspicious links or attachments that may contain viruses or malware.

  • Avoid editing or converting your JPEG files repeatedly: Editing or converting your JPEG files can degrade their quality and introduce errors. You should avoid editing or converting your JPEG files repeatedly, especially using low-quality software or online services. If you need to edit or convert your JPEG files, you should use a professional software or service that can preserve the original quality and format.


JPEG is a popular and convenient image format, but it is also susceptible to corruption due to various reasons. If you encounter a corrupted JPEG file, you can try to repair it using different methods, such as recovering from a backup, using another picture viewer or converting to another format, or using a professional JPEG repair tool. You can also prevent JPEG corruption in the future by following some tips, such as backing up your files regularly, using high-quality memory cards or storage devices, ejecting them properly, scanning your device for viruses or malware, and avoiding editing or converting your files repeatedly.

We hope this article has helped you understand how to fix corrupted JPEG or JPG images and how to avoid them in the future. If you have any questions or suggestions, please feel free to leave a comment below.


Here are some frequently asked questions about JPEG repair tool and JPEG corruption:

  • What is the difference between JPEG and JPG?

JPEG and JPG are essentially the same thing. They both refer to the same image format that uses lossy compression. The only difference is that JPG is a shorter version of JPEG that was used by some older operating systems that had a limit of three characters for file extensions. Nowadays, most operating systems can support both JPEG and JPG extensions.

  • Can I repair corrupted JPEG files for free?

Yes, you can repair corrupted JPEG files for free using some online services or software. However, you should be careful about the quality and security of these services or software. Some of them may not be able to repair your files completely or may introduce more errors. Some of them may also compromise your privacy and data security by uploading your files to their servers or sharing them with third parties. Therefore, you should always check the reputation and reviews of these services or software before using them.

  • How can I tell if my JPEG file is corrupted?

There are some signs that can indicate that your JPEG file is corrupted, such as:

  • The file size is unusually small or large.

  • The file name or extension is changed or missing.

  • The file cannot be opened or recognized by any program.

  • The file shows an error message when opening.

  • The file displays distorted colors, pixels, lines, or shapes.

  • The file shows a grey area or a black screen.

  • How can I recover deleted JPEG files?

If you have accidentally deleted your JPEG files, you can try to recover them using a data recovery tool. A data recovery tool can scan your storage device and find the deleted files that are still recoverable. However, you should act quickly and avoid using your storage device until you recover your files. This is because any new data written on your storage device can overwrite the deleted files and make them unrecoverable.

  • How can I optimize my JPEG files for SEO?

If you want to optimize your JPEG files for SEO (search engine optimization), you should follow these steps:

  • Reduce the file size of your JPEG files without compromising the quality. You can use a compression tool or software to do this. This will improve the loading speed and user experience of your website.

  • Rename your JPEG files with descriptive and relevant keywords. This will help the search engines and users understand what your images are about and match them with the search queries.

  • Add alt text and title attributes to your JPEG files. Alt text is a text description of your image that is displayed when the image cannot be loaded or viewed by the user. Title attribute is a text that appears when the user hovers over the image. Both alt text and title attribute can help the search engines and users understand the context and content of your image.



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